Assessment of Medical Students’ Attitudes Towards Research and Perceived Barriers
Keywords:research, medical students, attitude, perception
Background: Health research has been integrated as part of the curriculum of many health sciences teaching universities. The aim of this study is to measure the attitude of medical students towards research.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted from March to May 2016 using the Student Attitude Towards Research (SAR) scale. The survey was distributed amongst undergraduate medical students at the College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Main outcome measure was score on attitude scale with 15 Likert-type statements.
Results: A total of 237 responses were collected from the students (55.6% males and 44.3% females). In general, students agreed that ‘research is important for identifying and investing problems in a subject matter’ (N=206, 86.9%). Female students showed significantly more positive attitude towards research (P<0.05). In regards to the degree of involvement of the faculty in the research program, 35% of students agreed that it was acceptable, and 48.1% agreed that the faculty members have adequate skills to handle research methodology.
Conclusion: Most of the surveyed students were aware of the importance of undertaking medical research, but their attitude to the field was not always positive. There is an urgent need to introduce research programs as a part of the curriculum of all medical colleges, and ensure that these programs meet their goals and continue to be improved by providing good infrastructural facilities in order to provide skillful physicians to support research related activities.
Nass S J, Levit L A. The value, importance, and oversight of health research. Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule: Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information: The HIPAA Privacy Rule; Nass SJ, Levit LA, Gostin LO, editors. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.
Hunskaar S, Breivik J, Siebke M, Tømmerås K, Figenschau K, & Hansen J-B. Evaluation of the medical student research programme in Norwegian medical schools. A survey of students and supervisors. BMC Medical Education. 2009; 9(1): 43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-9-43
Hren D, Lukić IK, Marusić A, Vodopivec I, Vujaklija A, Hrabak M, & Marusić M. Teaching research methodology in medical schools: students' attitudes towards and knowledge about science. Medical Education. 2004; 38(1): 81-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2004.01735.x
Burgoyne LN, O'Flynn S, & Boylan GB. Undergraduate medical research: the student perspective. Medical Education Online. 2010; 15(0): 5212. http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/meo.v15i0.5212
Al-Hilali SM, Al-Kahtani E, Zaman B, Khandekar R, Al-Shahri A, & Edward DP. Attitudes of Saudi Arabian Undergraduate Medical Students towards Health Research. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2016; 16(1): e68–73. Available at: http://doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2016.16.01.012
Solomon SS, Tom SC, Pichert J, Wasserman D, & Powers AC. Impact of medical student research in the development of physician-scientists. Journal of Investigative Medicine. 2003; 51(3):149-156.
Jacobs CD, Cross PC. The value of medical student research: the experience at Stanford University School of Medicine. Medical Education. 1995; 29(5): 342-346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.1995.tb00023.x
Fisher WR. Medical student research: a program of self-education. Journal of Medical Education. 1981; 56(11): 904-908.
Al-Kuwaiti AA. Health science students’ attitude towards research training programs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Reliability and validity of the questionnaire instrument. Journal of Family & Community Medicine. 2014; 21(2): 134–8. Available at: http://doi.org/10.4103/2230-8229.134775
Memarpour M, Fard AP, & Ghasemi R. Evaluation of attitude to, knowledge of and barriers toward research among medical science students. Asia Pacific Family Medicine. 2015; 14(1): 1–7. Available at: http://doi.org/10.1186/s12930-015-0019-2
Siemens DR, Punnen S, Wong J, & Kanji N. A survey on the attitudes towards research in medical school. BMC Medical Education. 2010; 10 (4). Available at: http://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-10-4
AlGhamdi KM, Moussa NA, AlEssa DS, AlOthimeen N, & Al-Saud AS. Perceptions, attitudes and practices toward research among senior medical students. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal. 2014; 22(2): 113–117. Available at: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2013.02.006
Kalén S, Stenfors-Hayes T, Hylin U, Larm MF, Hindbeck H, & Ponzer S. Mentoring medical students during clinical courses: a way to enhance professional development. Medical Teacher. 2010; 32(8): e315–e321. Available at: http://doi.org/10.3109/01421591003695295
Buddeberg-Fischer B, Herta KD. Formal mentoring programmes for medical students and doctors – A review of the Medline literature. Medical Teacher. 2006; 28: 248–257
Althubaiti A. Undergraduate Medical Research Programme: A Cross-Sectional Study of Students’ Satisfactions, Perceived Challenges, and Attitudes. Global Journal of Health Science. 2015; 7(5). Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v7n5p117
Wayne P, Hammerschlag R, German J, Chapman T. Attitudes and interests toward research among students at two colleges of acupuncture and Oriental medicine. Explore (New York, NY). 2010;6(1):22-28. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2009.10.003.
De Oliveira NA, Luz MR, Saraiva RM, & Alves LA. Student views of research training programmes in medical schools. Medical Education. 2011; 45(7): 748–755.
Noorelahi MM, Soubhanneyaz AA, Kasim KA. Perceptions, barriers, and practices of medical research among students at Taibah College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2015;6:479-485. doi:10.2147/AMEP.S83978.
Griffin MF, Hindocha S. Publication practices of medical students at British medical schools: experience, attitudes and barriers to publish. Med Teach. 2011;33(1):e1–e8.
Alsayed N, Eldeek B, Tayeb S, Ayuob N, Al-Harbi A. Research practices and publication obstacles among interns at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 2011–2012. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2012;87(3–4):64–70.
Giri PA, Bangal VB, Phalke DB. Knowledge, attitude and practices towards medical research amongst the postgraduate students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences University of Central India. J Fam Med Prim care. 2014;3(1):22–24.
Vujaklija A, Hren D, Sambunjak D, et al. Can teaching research methodology influence students’ attitude toward science? Cohort study and nonrandomized trial in a single medical school. J Investig Med. 2010;58(2):282–286.
Khamis N, Ibrahim R, Fetyani DM. Assessment of the research-oriented knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students and interns of the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah and the adoption of a research-intervention educational program. RMJ. 2013;38(4):432–439.
Shahab F, Ali MA, Hussain H. Involvement and barriers to research amongst students of Khyber Medical College. J Postgrad Med Inst. 2013;27(3):297–302.
Althubaiti A. Information bias in health research: definition, pitfalls, and adjustment methods. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2016;9:211-217. doi:10.2147/JMDH.S104807.
Tamim HM, Al-Kadri HM, Zamakhshary MF, Al-Alwan IA, Al-Moamary MS, Tamim RM, Al-Sayyari AA. Research as a requirement in a problem-based learning medical curriculum in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal. 2012;33(11):1241–1243.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site; with the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from the Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Enforcement of copyright
The IJMS takes the protection of copyright very seriously.
If the IJMS discovers that you have used its copyright materials in contravention of the license above, the IJMS may bring legal proceedings against you seeking reparation and an injunction to stop you using those materials. You could also be ordered to pay legal costs.
If you become aware of any use of the IJMS' copyright materials that contravenes or may contravene the license above, please report this by email to firstname.lastname@example.org
If you become aware of any material on the website that you believe infringes your or any other person's copyright, please report this by email to email@example.com